Community cohesion in the area is generally stronger than the Welsh average in Conwy CB and slightly lower in Denbighshire. The National Survey for Wales gives the following measures of community cohesion for Conwy CB and Denbighshire.
The percentage of people who agree that they have a ‘feeling of belonging to the local area’ is 83% in Conwy CB and 81% in Denbighshire compared to an all-Wales figure of 82%.
The percentage of people who agree that ‘people in the local area from different backgrounds get on well together’ is 81% in Conwy CB and 80% in Denbighshire compared to an all-Wales figure of 79%.
The percentage of people who agree that ‘people in the local area treat each other with respect and consideration’ is 83% in Conwy CB and 75% in Denbighshire compared to an all-Wales figure of 79%.
Public bodies in Wales have a statutory duty to consider how they can positively contribute to a fairer society in their day-to-day activities through paying due regard to eliminating unlawful discrimination, advancing equality of opportunity and fostering good relations.
Exposure to inequality can happen very early in life and it can become a barrier which prevents children from reaching their potential from the outset, and potentially remain a persistent presence which hangs over them as they progress through life.
All figures are pointing to growing diversity in our population. We need to ensure that we recognise the diverse characteristics of our population when delivering our services, to ensure equality of access and opportunity for all. We also need to recognise this diversity when involving people in decision making for our communities and our public services, and ensure representation from all our people.
The White British ethnic group made up 95.4% of the population in Conwy CB and 95.6% in Denbighshire according to the 2011 Census (Wales = 93.2%, England & Wales = 80.5%). In 2001 this group made up 96.8% of the population in Conwy CB and 97.2% in Denbighshire.
Table Population characteristics in Conwy County Borough and Denbighshire
Source & date
Mixed ethnic group
Other ethnic group
Born in Wales
Born in rest of UK
Born outside UK
Welsh / English / Scottish / Northern Irish / British identities only
Mixed identity – English / Welsh / Scottish / Northern Irish / British and other
Other national identities only
All with Welsh identity
Mid-year population estimates, Office for National Statistics 2015
Source & date
Limiting long term illness
Annual Population Survey 2015/16
Religion / belief
All people aged 16+
Annual Population Survey 2015
Gay or lesbian
All people aged 3+
No knowledge of Welsh
All people aged 3+
Annual Population Survey 2015/16
The ‘other white’ ethnic group – including Irish, other white Europeans, white Australians, and white people from the Americas – was 2.3% of the population or 2,650 people in 2011 in Conwy CB, compared to 2.2% in 2001. In Denbighshire the 2011 figures were 1.8% of the population or 1,650 people, compared to 1.7% in 2001. The 2011 figure for Wales was 2.4% and 5.5% for England & Wales.
People with mixed ethnicity accounted for 0.8% of the population in both Conwy CB and Denbighshire in 2011. This compares to 0.4% in Conwy CB in 2001 and 0.5% in Denbighshire. This is about 1,650 people in 2011 (900 in Conwy CB, 750 in Denbighshire). It compares to percentages of 1.0% in Wales and 2.2% in England & Wales as a whole.
All other ethnicities together were 1.5% of the population or about 1,800 people in Conwy CB, increased from 0.7% of the population or 750 people in 2001. In Denbighshire the 2011 figures were 1.8% or 1,750 people compared to 0.7% of the population or 650 people in 2001. This compares to 2011 Census results of 3.4% across Wales and 11.8% for England & Wales. The largest ethnic group within this total in Conwy CB is Chinese with 0.3% of the population or about 400 people. In Denbighshire the largest group is other Asian (includes Far Eastern ethnicities) with 0.6% of the population (about 300 people).
According to the 2011 Census about 97% of people in both Conwy CB and Denbighshire identified as having a national identity which was solely attached to UK nations (Welsh / English / Scottish / Northern Irish / British).
2.5% of the population of Conwy CB and 2.3% of the population of Denbighshire had national identit(ies) other than Welsh / English / Scottish / Northern Irish / British. A further 0.4% in both Conwy CB and Denbighshire had mixed UK and other national identities.
There is no historical data to compare how this has changed over time. However, in 2001 3.3% of the resident population of Conwy CB and 2.8% of the population of Denbighshire was born outside the UK, compared to 4.3% in Conwy CB in 2011 and 4.1% in Denbighshire (All-Wales figure in 2011 = 5.5%; England & Wales = 13.4%).
Both Conwy CB and Denbighshire have population structures that are considerably older than the national average. They have high proportions of older people in the population, and an obvious gap in the age structure for young people in their late teens and early 20s.
There is more information about the population of young people in section 2.2 ‘Reducing the outward migration of young people and young people as assets’.
There is more information about older people in section 2.3 ‘Ageing well’.
There are more females than males in the population, due mainly to the fact women live longer than men. The male:female ratio in 2015 was 100:104 (Wales & UK = 100:103)
Males:females ratio for children in Conwy CB and Denbighshire is 100:94. This is comparable to the ratios for Wales and the UK. This ratio is not quite equal, as more baby boys are born than baby girls.
Males:females ratio for the working age group is 100:102, which is slightly higher than for Wales as a whole and the UK (100:101).
Males:females ratio for the 65+ age group is 100:118 This is comparable to the figure for Wales as a whole, which is 100:119 (UK ratio is 100:121).
The number of people with limiting long term illness in Conwy CB has grown from 25,750 in 2001 to 27,900 in 2011, and from 21,750 to 22,000 in Denbighshire. Those with limiting long term illness make up 24.2% of the population in Conwy CB and 23.5%% in Denbighshire, compared to a Wales figure of 23.7%.
The number of people with limiting long term illnesses in Conwy County Borough and Denbighshire is predicted to rise by about 3,000 each between 2015 and 2035.
There is no reliable data on the number of people who live with disability, so this is a proxy measure.
Despite falling numbers since 2001, Christianity remained the largest religion with 64.7% of the population identifying themselves as Christian in Conwy CB and 64.1% in Denbighshire. Between 2001 and 2011 there has been a decrease in the proportion of people who identify as Christian and an increase in those reporting to have no religion.
Overall, the number of people with a religion other than Christian almost doubled between 2001 and 2011 from 950 to 1,700 or 1.5% of the population in Conwy CB and from 800 to 1,300 or 1.4% of the population in Denbighshire. Within this number, Muslims made up the largest religious group with 0.5% of the population in both areas.
The religion question is the only voluntary question on the census and about 8% per cent of people did not answer the question in 2011 (similar to non-response rates in 2001).
There is no reliable data about the size of the gay, lesbian or bisexual population in the UK. Estimates from various sources range from 0.3% to 10%, but they do not allow for non-reporting or misreporting and so the Equality and Human Rights Commission believe that none of these provide an adequate basis for an estimate. The only statistics we have at Wales level are from the Annual Population Survey/Integrated Household Survey and give an estimate of only about 2% of the population being gay / lesbian / bisexual or other.
This is a sensitive issue. Some people will not be happy to share information about their sexual identity and the inclusion of questions about this can put people off answering surveys or participating in consultations, so it is very difficult to measure.
The Department of Trade and Industry gives an official estimate that 5-7% of the British population are gay, lesbian or bisexual.
The 2011 Census estimates that there are 52,850 people aged 3 or over who are able to speak Welsh in Conwy CB and Denbighshire.
This is 26.1% of the population. (Conwy CB = 30,600 people or 27.4%. Denbighshire = 22,250 or 24.6%).
For Wales as a whole only 19% of the population are able to speak Welsh.
Only slightly more than half of the population of the area were born in Wales (56% overall – 54% in Conwy CB and 58% in Denbighshire), which in part accounts for the lower proportion of the population who are able to speak Welsh when compared to the neighbouring districts to the West (Gwynedd contains 65% Welsh speakers).
There is no data available about people who are transgender at either unitary authority or national level.
There is no comprehensive source of data about disability. The 2011 Census provides information on limiting long term illness and unpaid carers at unitary authority level. There is a register of physical and / or sensory impaired people and people with learning disabilities who use social services, but this only captures information about those people who use the Council’s services.
The only source of data about religious affiliation at unitary authority level is the 2011 Census.
The most reliable data for ethnicity figures for all the population at unitary authority level is the 2011 Census. More up-to-date figures are available at an all-Wales level. The School Census provides more recent ethnicity data for school pupils only.
National identity figures are only available for unitary authorities from the 2011 Census.
The 2011 Census has detailed data on the Welsh language. It provides data about Welsh language skills, and a breakdown of Welsh speakers by age, nationality and geographically. The School Census also provides data about pupils in who attend Welsh medium schools and about pupils in all schools who speak Welsh.
The Annual Population Survey produces figures for unitary authorities, but because of the limited sample size, they are not considered a robust source of data at this level. They are therefore not recommended for use at UA level and are not included in the above table. Wales figures have been included as they are considered robust.
 National Survey for Wales 2014-15, Welsh Government
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